Prof. Dr. Oktay Tanrısever
Middle East Technical University, Department of International Relations, 06531, Ankara/TURKEY

Keynote Title: “Hydro-Diplomacy and Regional Nexuses of Water, Energy and Environment in the Developing World: A Comparative Analysis of the Euphrates and Tigris, Nile, Mekong and Amazon River Basins”

Abstract: This conference paper seeks to discuss the role, types and challenges of hydro-diplomacy in the management of  regional nexuses of water, energy and environment in the developing world. To this purpose, the conference paper explore the characteristics of hydro-diplomacy in  the Euphrates and Tigris,  Nile, Mekong and Amazon river basins from a comparative perspective. These cases are selected to provide a balanced picture of the water and energy policies in the developing world by analyzing the regional nexuses of water, energy and environment in these specific cases from the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

The main argument of this conference paper is as follows: regional nexuses of water, energy and environment in the developing world present diverse rather than uniform opportunities and risks for the regional countries. This diversity could enable the regional actors to employ more constructive hydro-diplomacy in order to cope with the problems in managing the  regional nexuses of water, energy and environment more effectively. The conference paper also demonstrates that water, energy and environment problems of the developing countries need to be addressed from a  holistic rather than sectoral perspectives.

The conference paper has the following organizational structure: It starts with a discussion of  the relevance of hydro-diplomacy for managing the challenges of  regional nexuses of water, energy and environment in the developing world. Afterwards, the conference paper identifies the types and characteristics of effective and holistic hydro-diplomacy which could increase the total gains of the riparian countries of transboundary rivers not only by addressing their water needs but also energy and environmental needs. Next, the conference paper compares and contrasts the characteristics of hydro-diplomacy in the Euphrates and Tigris,  Nile, Mekong and Amazon river basins by analyzing the challenges of the regional nexuses of water, energy and environment in these transboundary river basins. The conclusion part of the conference paper discusses the main findings of the paper in terms of their implications for the water and energy policies in the developing countries.

Keywords: Hydro-Diplomacy, Regional Nexuses of Water, Energy and Environment, the Euphrates and Tigris River Basin, the Nile River Basin, the Mekong River Basin, the Amazon River Basin.

Bio: Prof. Dr. Oktay F. Tanrisever is a Faculty Member of International Relations Department, and the Chairperson of the Area Studies PhD Program at the Middle East Technical University (METU), Ankara. He is also the Chairperson of Energy Diplomacy Working Group at the World Energy Council Turkish National Committee (WECTNC). After graduating from the BSc and MSc programs in International Relations of METU, he received his PhD degree from the University of London. He served as the Associate Dean of the Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences at METU between 2013-2015. His research interests include energy, water and environmental diplomacy, migration diplomacy as well as the foreign policies of Turkey and Russia, security and peace-building in the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, the Caucasus and Asia. He has published numerous  publications on these topics.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Murat Sönmez
Middle East Technical University Northern Cyprus Campus
Güzelyurt /TRNC Mersin Turkey

Keynote Title: “Role of engineers in a sustainable world”

Abstract: The adverse environmental impact of global warming has been well recorded and accepted by the scientific community. Equally well documented is the catalyzing effect of the fossil fuel consumption on the global warming through greenhouse gas emissions. The focus of scientific and engineering research has inevitably drifted from achieving high output at any energy cost to accomplishing required work with minimum energy consumption. Large international companies have embraced “going green”, not only due the positive public image repercussions of being environmentally friendly, but also competitive advantages from reduced manufacturing costs. Nowadays, it is a very important and widespread mission to achieve organizational objectives at minimum energy, material and water consumption and cost, supplying energy at the lowest available price, managing energy consumption at peak efficiency and utilizing the most appropriate technology, finding the optimum shape and size for a product for having a sustainable world. After having national and international decision and policy of country executives, engineers find their roles again at the conceptual design, detailed design, manufacturing and maintenance stages. This article aims to highlight that sustainable world requires well-educated engineers with fresh ideas, analytical approaches, interdisciplinary research and development skills and without the contributions of engineers; sustainability concept could only be a title on a sheet.

Keywords: Sustainable Manufacturing, Energy Management, Engineering

Bio: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Murat Sönmez, , was born in Ankara, Turkey, in 1959. He received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from Middle East Technical University (METU), in 1995. He worked as a research engineer, a teaching assistant and then an instructor for METU (Ankara Campus) between 1981- 2007. Currently, he is a full-time faculty member in the Mechanical Engineering Program at METU Northern Cyprus Campus. His main research interests include energy saving, energy management, technical education, computer aided design and manufacturing. He is included in the editorial board of the Science PG- Educational Journal. He is one of the peer reviewers of Science PG- American Journal of Energy Engineering, and that of British Educational Research Journal.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Murat Fahrioğlu
Middle East Technical University Northern Cyprus Campus
Güzelyurt /TRNC Mersin Turkey

Keynote Title: “Role of Renewable Energy in Environmental Protection (Çevresel Korumada Yenilenebilir Enerjinin Rolü)”

Abstract: Main source of energy around the world is still fossil fuels, and this is causing many problems for the environment. The biggest dilemma is how to continue the current standards of living without compromising the future of our planet. The answer lies in a global effort across many disciplines, from engineering all the way to policy making. Recently there is a global shift towards renewable energy world wide, however this is not yet sufficient to provide a true alternative to fossil fuels.There is a need to raise more awareness about environmental issues. In order to do this more effectively an increased effort is needed in quantifying the damage done to the environment and to the society. If these efforts can convince the policy makers across the globe to help encourage renewable energy sources, then there will be hope for a more sustainable future.

Bio: Obtained the BS (Hon) degree in Electrical Engineering from Michigan State University, in 1993, the MS degree (1994) and the PhD degree (1999) from the University of Wisconsin – Madison. He is currently an Assoc. Professor at Middle East Technical University – Northern Cyprus Campus in the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering. His main research is electric power systems and more specifically in the design of demand management contracts between electric utilities and their customers to avoid forced outages. He is also working on renewable energy integration into power systems and assessment of solar and wind energy resources. His most recent research is about interconnecting the power systems of neighboring countries to enhance renewable energy use.

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